Moses ben Maimon (1135-1204 AD), commonly known as Maimonides, was born in Cordoba.  He was a medieval Sephardic Jewish philosopher who became one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars of the Middle Ages.

"Situated in the heart of the Jewish Quarter of Cordoba, the synagogue is unique in Andalusia and one of the three best preserved Medieval synagogues in the whole of Spain. According to the inscriptions found in the building, it was built between the years 1314 and 1315, and was in constant use right up until the Jews were finally expelled from 1492, and afterwards, the building was used first as a hospital, then as the Hermitage of San Crispin and finally, an infants' school. It was declared a National Monument at the end of the 19th century." -

A wall in the synagogue.  The inscription is from the builder.  "Provisional Sanctuary and abode for the Testimony completed by Yishaq the year 75.  So return, oh God, hasten to return to Jerusalem"  

The remains of a 1st Century Roman temple the remains of a Roman temple was discovered in the 1950s during the expansion of City Hall. 

Not a tourist site, but ruins like these:  a statue and a fountain, can be found all over Andalusia.  This in front of a hotel.

Some examples of beautiful Cordoba pottery, hanging on a frame outside a tourist shop.

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